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Essay Organization Patterns


To improve your ability to understand a difficult book or passage, you can start by finding the organization pattern. This may sound more difficult than it really is. There are a few ways that writers can choose to organize their work, and the organization depends very much on the topic.

If you were writing a description of your bedroom, for example, you would most likely use a spatial organization pattern. You would start by describing one "space" and move on to another space.

If you were required to describe the events that led up to a certain event in history, you most likely organization pattern would be chronological. Chronological just refers to the order things happen in time.

So, one of the first things you should do when trying to understand a difficult text is to figure out the organization pattern. This helps you frame the entire work in your brain or on paper, in an outline.

Chronological Organization is used by writers when they want to describe what happened or happens in a particular order.

Logical Organization may be used in many ways.

Functional Organization system is used to explain how or why things work.

Spatial Organization is used in essays that describe or give direction concerning a physical location.

  • Directions
  • Descriptions
  • Layouts
  • Anatomy essay

Once you determine the overall organization of a text, you'll be able to process information as you read.

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